French Academy

French Academy
   The French Academy was established in Paris in 1648 to prevent the city's guild from placing restrictions on artists. The founding members (the Le Nain brothers, Laurent de la Hyre, Charles Lebrun, and others) petitioned Louis XIV, then a child, for permission to establish said institution. Anne of Austria, the king's mother and regent, favored the suppression of guilds, so permission was granted. The purpose of the academy was to provide art instruction for students, live models to draw from, and lectures by specialists. In 1655 the king allocated a stipend for the academy's upkeep and gave its members the use of the Collège Royal de l'Université as headquarters. In the following year, the headquarters were moved into the Louvre Palace, and in 1661 a dictatorship was established under minister Jean Baptiste Colbert and Lebrun, who by now had become painter to the king. All artists in the king's service were required to join the academy or lose their privileges, and the king's tastes were imposed upon them. The basis for the academy's teachings now relied on Nicolas Poussin 's views that painting must appeal to reason, it must be intellectual, and cater to the well educated. Nature should not be imitated but improved upon, and only noble subjects with dignified figures and gestures should be rendered. With this, the original purpose of the establishment of the academy to provide artistic freedom was unfortunately lost.

Historical dictionary of Renaissance art. . 2008.

Игры ⚽ Поможем написать курсовую

Look at other dictionaries:

  • French Academy — noun an honorary group of French writers and thinkers supported by the French government the French Academy sets standards for the use of the French language • Hypernyms: ↑academy, ↑honorary society * * * an association of 40 scholars and men and …   Useful english dictionary

  • French Academy, The — • Founded by Cardinal de Richelieu in 1635 Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006 …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • French Academy of Sciences — For the National Academy of Medicine, see Académie Nationale de Médecine. Colbert Presenting the Members of the Royal Academy of Sciences to Louis XIV in 1667 The French Academy of Sciences (French: Académie des sciences) is a le …   Wikipedia

  • French Academy in Rome — The French Academy in Rome ( fr. Académie de France à Rome) is an Academy located in the Villa Medici, within the Villa Borghese, on the Pincio (Pincian Hill) in Rome, Italy.HistoryThe Academy was founded at the Palazzo Capranica in 1666 by Louis …   Wikipedia

  • French Academy (disambiguation) — The French Academy is the pre eminent French learned body on matters pertaining to the French language.French Academy may also refer to:* French Academy in Rome, an art school in Italy * French Academy of Sciences, a scientific society * French… …   Wikipedia

  • French Academy of Technologies — The French Academy of Technologies ( Académie des technologies ) is a learned society, founded in 2000, with an emphasis on technology. It is the newest of French academies. Since 2007, it has acquired the status of établissement public , which… …   Wikipedia

  • French Academy — an association of 40 scholars and men and women of letters, established in 1635 by Cardinal Richelieu and devoted chiefly to preserving the purity of the French language and establishing standards of proper usage. French, Académie Française. * *… …   Universalium

  • French Academy — /frɛntʃ əˈkædəmi/ (say french uh kaduhmee) noun an association of 40 scholars and members of the literary profession, formally established in 1635 by Cardinal Richelieu and devoted chiefly to preserving the purity of the French language and… …  

  • The French Academy —     The French Academy     † Catholic Encyclopedia ► The French Academy     The French Academy was founded by Cardinal de Richelieu in 1635. For several years a number of learned gentlemen, such as Godeau, de Gombeaud, Giry, Chaplain, Habert, de… …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • French Literature — • Origin, foundations, and types Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. French Literature     French Literature     † …   Catholic encyclopedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”